Zielona Góra

Zielona Góra

Zielona Góra is a city in Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland, with 138,512 inhabitants (2015).Zielona Góra has been in Lubusz Voivodeship since 1999, prior to which it was the capital of Zielona Góra Voivodeship from 1950 to 1998. It is the seat of Lubusz Voivodeship’s elected assembly (sejmik) and executive. The city’s name, in Polish, and German, means “green mountain”.
The first settlement in the area of Zielona Góra was built in the valley near the Złota Łącza stream during the reign of Polish ruler Mieszko I. The oldest settlement was agricultural and later developed into a trading point along routes from Poznań to Żagań and further to Łużyce. The written records of the Slavic settlement date to 1222 and an increase of its population by Henryk Brodaty. Other documents date the settlement to 1302.
The region received influx of German burghers in the second half of the 13th century during the medieval Ostsiedlung.The settlement became a city with Crossener Recht, a variation of Magdeburg rights, in 1323. The earliest mention of the town’s coat of arms is from 1421, although it is believed to have been arranged since the beginning of the 14th century.A document in the town archive of Thorn (Toruń) dating from before 1400 used a sigil with the name GRVNINBERG, an early form of the German name Grünberg.